Лексика, посвященная эмоциям может быть действительно важна при описании того, что мы чувствуем и как чувствуют себя другие. Большинство из нас знает эмоциональные состояния happy и sad, но как насчет, например, determined (решительный) или resentful (обиженный)? Надеемся, наш список слов поможет расширить ваш словарный запас и сделать вашу речь разнообразнее!
Не забывайте, что слова для описания эмоций являются прилагательными, а значит требуют глагол-связку to be в предложении.
angry (злой, сердитый):“She was angry with her boss for criticising her work.”
annoyed (раздраженный): “I’m very annoyed with him. He hasn’t returned any of my calls.”
“She was annoyed by his comments.”
appalled (потрясенный): “They were appalled to hear that they would lose their jobs.”
apprehensive (боязливый, мнительный): “I felt a little apprehensive before my interview.”
ashamed (пристыженный): “How could you say such a thing? You should be ashamed of yourself!”
bewildered (озадаченный): “He was bewildered by the choice of computers in the shop.”
betrayed (тот, кого предали): “He betrayed my trust when he repeated my secret to everyone.”
confused (поставленный в тупик): “I’m sorry I forgot your birthday – I was confused about the dates.”
confident (уверенный)= sure of your abilities: “I’m confident that we can find a solution to this problem.”
cheated (обманутый)= when you don’t get something that you think you deserve: “Of course I feel cheated – I should have won that competition.”
cross (довольно злой): “I was cross with him for not helping me, as he said he would.”
depressed (в депрессии)= very sad: “After he failed his English exam, he was depressed for a week.”
determined (решительный, целеустремленный): She will get the job she wants – she’s a very determined person.
delighted (в восторге) = very happy: “I’m delighted that I got the job. It’s just what I always wanted.”
disgusted (чувствующий отвращение): I’m totally disgusted with your behaviour.
down in the dumps (подавленный) = sad and fed up: “What’s the matter with him? He’s so down in the dumps these days.”
disappointed (расстроенный): “She was disappointed by her son’s poor results at school.”
ecstatic (восторженный, в экстазе): “When he asked her to marry him she was ecstatic.”
excited (возбужденный): “I’m excited by the new opportunities that the internet brings.”
emotional (эмоциональный) = you have strong feelings (happy or sad) and you cry: “When he heard the news, he became quite emotional.”
envious (завистливый): “I’m very envious of her happiness – I wish I was happy too.”
embarrassed (смущенный): “I felt so embarrassed that I went bright red.”
exhausted (обессиленный): I must get some sleep – I’m exhausted.
fed up (сытый по горло): “The children have been misbehaving all day – I’m at the end of my tether.”
furious (яростный) =very angry: “I was furious with him for breaking my favourite vase.”
frightened (напуганный): “As a child she was frightened of the dark.”
frustrated (разочарованный, расстроенный): Are you feeling frustrated in your present job?
great (великолепный): “I feel great today!”
happy (счастливый): “She was happy to hear the good news.”
hysterical (истеричный): Calm down, you’re getting hysterical.
horrified (в ужасе): “I’m horrified by the amount of violence on television today.”
irritated (раздраженный) = annoyed: “I get so irritated when he changes TV channels without asking me first.”
intrigued (заинтригованный): “I’m intrigued to hear about your safari in Kenya.”
jealous (ревнивый): “She was jealous of her sister’s new toy.”
jaded (измученный): “After 10 years at this company, I just feel jaded.”
keen (желающий, энергичный): “I’m keen to see your new house – I’ve heard lots about it.”
“I’m keen on keeping fit.”
lazy (ленивый): “I can’t be bothered to do anything today – I feel really lazy!”
let down (расстроенный): “When you didn’t turn up to the meeting, I felt really let down.”
lonely (одинокий): She gets lonely now that all the kids have left home.
lucky (удачливый): “I’m going to play the lottery – I feel lucky today!”
maternal (материнский): “Looking at my sister’s new baby made me feel really maternal.”
negative (негативный): “I feel very negative about my job – the pay is awful.”
nervous (нервный): Do you feel nervous during exams?
overwhelmed (ошеломленный, потрясенный): “I was overwhelmed by the offer of promotion at work.”
over the moon (на седьмом небе, в восторге): “She was over the moon with her new bicycle and rode it every day for a whole year.”
positive (позитивный): “She’s a very positive person and never lets anything get her down.”
positive (абсолютно уверенный): “Are you sure that’s what you want? Yes – I’m positive.”
relaxed (расслабленный):“I was completely relaxed after I came back from holiday.”
reluctant (неохотный): “I’m reluctant to buy a new car – the one we have is fine.”
resentful (обиженный): She was resentful of anybody’s attempts to interfere in her work.
sad (грустный): “It makes me sad to see all those animals in cages at the zoo.”
scared (напуганный): “Are you scared of heights?”
shocked (шокированный): He was shocked to discover that he had no money left in his account.
shy (застенчивый): He was too shy to ask her to dance with him.
stressed (в состоянии стресса) = being worried or anxious about something so you can’t relax: “I feel really stressed at work – I need a break.” “He was stressed out by all the travelling in his job.”
surprised (удивленный): She looked at him with a surprised expression on her face.
terrific (потрясающий): “I feel terrific today!”
terrible (ужасный) = ill or tired: “I’ve got a blinding headache and I feel terrible.”
terrified (очень напуганный): “She’s terrified of spiders and screams whenever she sees one.”
tense (напряженный): “You look a bit tense. Did you have a bad day at work?”
upset (расстроенный): “I’m sorry you’re upset – I didn’t mean to be rude.”
unhappy (несчастный): “I was unhappy to hear that I hadn’t got the job.”
victimised (в состоянии жертвы): “My boss kept criticising me and not the others, so I felt quite victimised.”
wonderful (чудесный): “I felt wonderful after such a relaxing weekend.”