IELTS Speaking — описание, баллы и примеры для подготовки

IELTS Speaking — это неформальная беседа лицом к лицу с экзаменатором IELTS, которая одинакова как для академического (Academic), так и для общего (General) модулей. Тест разделен на 3 части и предназначен для проверки вашего произношения, беглости речи, грамматики и словарного запаса. Ниже мы рассматриваем как устроен Speaking, как назначаются баллы и приводим примеры тем для подготовки.

Структура IELTS Speaking

3 Times Your Truth-Telling Is Put to the Test – Scott Cochrane

Разговорный тест IELTS занимает от 11 до 14 минут. Он состоит из трех разделов.

  • Часть 1: неформальные вопросы в виде интервью о себе, семье, работе, учебе или хобби.
  • Часть 2: вам дадут тематическую карточку с тремя пунктами для обсуждения. У вас будет 1 минута на подготовку выступления и 1-2 минуты на непрерывное выступление, охватывающее все части задания. Вам будут заданы дополнительные вопросы для обсуждения, относящиеся к теме на карточке.
  • Часть 3: более продолжительное обсуждение темы. Экзаменатор задаст вам дополнительные вопросы, связанные с темой в Части 2.

Баллы по Speaking

Ваши разговорные навыки оцениваются по ряду критериев, включая:

  • fluency and coherence (беглость и последовательность)
  • lexical resource (лексический диапазон)
  • pronunciation (произношение)
  • grammatical range and accuracy (грамматический диапазон и безошибочность)

Чтобы понять, что означает каждый из них, вы можете изучить дескрипторы Speaking, которые содержат подробную информацию о каждом критерии:

Примеры тем по Speaking

Мы приводим примеры тем по каждой части устного модуля IELTS, которые помогут вам лучше подготовиться к этому экзамену.

Speaking Part 1

  • Do you work or are you a student?
  • Why did you choose this kind of work/to study this subject?
  • What’s the most interesting part of being a …(manager/student)?
  • What’s the most difficult part of being a …(manager/student)?
  • What do you like/dislike about your work?
  • What kind of work would you like to do in the future?
  • Do you live in a house or an apartment/flat?
  • What do you like about living there?
  • Which is your favourite room in your home? Why?
  • Would you change anything about your home? Why / why not?
  • Would you like to move to a different home in the future?
  • What sort of accommodation would you most like to live in?
  • Do you like your hometown? Why?
  • What do you like most about your hometown?
  • Is your hometown a popular place for tourists? Why?
  • Has your hometown changed much in recent years?
  • Did you enjoy doing art lessons when you were a child?
  • What dish are you best at cooking?
  • How good is the public transport where you live?

Speaking Part 2

Примеры карточек с вопросами второй части устного модуля IELTS.

#1

Describe a toy you liked in your childhood.

You should say:
What it was
Who gave it to you
What it looked like
Explain why it was a special toy for you

#2

Describe an indoor game that you liked to play when you were a child.

You should say:
what the game was
where you played it
who played this game with you
and explain why you enjoyed playing this game.

#3

Describe a place where you read and write, apart from your home.

You should say:
What kind of place it is
Where it is
How often you go there
Explain why you choose to go there

#4

Describe a small and successful company you know.

You should say:
the name of the company
how you learnt about it
what kind of business this company does
and explain why you think this company is successful.

Speaking Part 3

  • Do you think children learn something from toys?
  • What are the benefits of indoor games?
  • Is it the sole responsibility of school to take care of reading and writing?
  • What do you think can be considered as emerging industries?
  • Should the age of retirement be raised?
  • Should jobs with high degrees of difficulty earn more money?
  • Are personal goals more important than professional goals?
  • Why is online shopping becoming more popular?
  • Do you think people generally prefer to go to a concert or to listen to recordings of music?
  • Should companies use celebrities to advertise their products?
  • Why do you think different cultures have different table manners?
  • How may eating habits change in coming decades?
  • Do you think the types of sport that are popular will change in the future?
  • how can sports bring people from different countries closer together?
  • Have the types of transport people use changed much over the last few decades?
  • What kinds of improvement have there been in transport in your country in recent years?

Чем больше тем вы отработаете, тем увереннее будете чувствовать на экзамене.

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